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View all news Professor Tariq Modood's new book "Essays on Secularism and Multiculturalism" 1 May Tariq Modood shows how political secularism has become central to multiculturalism in Western Europe Whether the recently settled religious minorities, Muslims, in particular, can be accommodated as religious groups in European countries has become a central political question and threatens to create long-term fault lines. Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship.

Undergraduate study Find a course Open days and visits New undergraduate students. The problem has been the attempt the authorities to manage that diversity through multicultural policies by putting people into cultural boxes and using those boxes to shape public policy. The result has been disastrous, sidelining progressive movements within minority communities and giving legitimacy to conservative, often religious, figures.

Goodhart accepts much of this, and indeed relates part of this story. Yet, because he sees the issue through the lens of immigration, he falls back on the argument that the real problem stems from the values and behaviours of certain, particularly Muslim, communities. For some, Goodhart's argument about immigration is brave and necessary. For others it is nasty and racist. I belong to neither camp. Goodhart raises important questions. But his answers are flawed and his story of how we have got here implausible. Goodhart's three key themes — the gap between the elite and the masses, the erosion of social solidarity, the problems of multiculturalism — are all crucial issues.

Criticism of multiculturalism - Wikipedia

The trouble is, we cannot begin to address them until we stop being so obsessed by immigration. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. Want to discuss real-world problems, be involved in the most engaging discussions and hear from the journalists? Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium.

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Geoffrey Macnab. Tech news. Tech culture. News videos. However, it was not until the end of the Second World War in that immigration to the UK really took off and shaped the face of the UK so noticeably.

Until then British society in the home islands had been relatively homogenous, consisting mostly of Caucasians from the UK itself or immigrants from places like Australia, New Zealand or Canada. Non-white citizens were present, but not in the numbers of today. All that changed when World War II ended and colonialism and especially British colonialism came to its end, with many countries in Asia and Africa declaring their independence from the UK and other colonial powers, such as France, which went through a similar development.

This term paper will be covering a relatively broad range of topics, starting with a brief history of how British multiculturalism came to be and where the emigrants came from, the reasons for the influx of emigrants coming to the UK, how the once relatively homogenous population reacted at that time, the state of multiculturalism in the UK today and finally, clarify if the topic is relevant for todays students. The United Kingdom had several waves of emigrants, though the first were Europeans arriving in the 19th century.

Among the first to immigrate were the Irish [1] , fleeing from the potato famine and the subsequent hunger and poverty. The Irish had foolishly switched a large part of their diet to the potato and planted only few other crops. Since Ireland was an agricultural land with few alternatives for those seeking work, many left the island to seek their fortunes overseas, i. They were not always welcomed with open arms, mainly due to the anti-Catholicism [2] in England and were forced into the poorest sections of the cities, elbow to elbow with the poor English already living there.

Violence and hatred between the groups sprung up quickly. But as anti-Catholicism in the UK began to subside, so did the animosity towards the Irish and the social group adapted to their new home. Another large group which immigrated to the UK were Jews [3] fleeing from tsarist Russia in the late 19th century, due to political instability following the failed assassination attempt on Tsar Alexander II. Pogroms erupted in many parts of the country, forcing many Jews to flee hostile and often openly anti-Semitic Russia.

Again, like with the Irish Catholics, Jewish immigrants were not welcomed with open arms.

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Christian anti-Semitism [4] could look back on a long and carefully cultivated history and many old stereotypes were revived with the arrival of this new wave of immigrants. But like the Irish, the Jews adapted and assimilated, often becoming successful merchants after starting out as street vendors or peddlers.

Madood New Book | Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship | University of Bristol

When the Nazis under Adolf Hitler came to power in January , his fascist dictatorship gave incentive for many Germans Jews, politicians, critics, artists and others persecuted to leave Germany [5] and seek refuge in the UK, France and Switzerland. Until , before the outbreak of war, it was possible to immigrate to the UK through official means [6]. The number of emigrants accepted in the UK was limited, with many turned back upon arrival or moved into containment camps, especially Germans and Italians.

Legal immigration ceased when the Allies declared war on Nazi Germany in and somewhat free passage between the countries screeched to a halt. Now refugees had to reach the UK by other means, e.